Artificial intelligence(AI) is a branch of computer science defined as the study and design of intelligent agents.It is being used in various fields including medicine,stock trading,robotics etc.,In today’s world,AI has become a part of technology industry providing solutions for most of the complex problems in computer science.
To use its trouble shooting skills,AI was introduced in the area of law which is the most significant and scientifically challenging application domain.AI and law is considered as a sub-field of artificial intelligence.Software tools were already important in the legal world,they can mine voluminous documents with the help of algorithms.
But beyond combing through large sets of documents,computer programs are expected to start making legal decisions in near future.Until now,AI is not used completely in the field of law,however,new applications of artificial intelligence could soon turn to be crucial decision makers.According to analysts,they are likely to do a better job than humans in providing justice.
In cases where the logic is not clear,an application of AI to the law aims to enable automated systems to handle the arguments.A new application called “Elterngeld”(a German word for “parent’s money”) is being developed by Tom Gordon of the Fraunhofer Institute in Munich in association with German company Init.
With minimal human auditing of its decisions,Elterngeld is intended to make automatic decisions on child benefit claims to the country’s Federal Employment Agency (FEA).It is based on the open source Carneades software which takes the human claims and justifies the statements based on the principles of the law.
To empower the application to do this task,each statement is broken down and coded in a machine-readable format which is compared with the elements of the law,using it to rate the claim which will be very advantageous to FEA.
A web-based version of the open source Carneades software will be presented by Gordon at the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law in Rome, Italy in the coming months.
Although,it is not yet ready to replace humans,the developers are now in talks with the FEA about the deployment of the system.The application needs the text of each law to be broken down into a down into a structured,machine-readable format which is to be done manually,as of now.
Scientists hope that new laws should be drafted in a machine-readable format so that each law is built as a structured database consisting of all the law concepts and information on how they relate to each other.This process will allow artificially intelligent software to implement legislation on an ample scale.
Based on this Gordon’s approach,another tool called “TrademarkNow” is created by Anna Ronkainen, co-founder of legal tech firm Onomatics in Helsinki, Finland.This tool compares the similarity of old and new trademarks,thus helping in avoiding potential legal issues.It works by mining the vast databases of the US and European trademark registers, and look for similarities.
In-spite of all the benefits,AI software is not yet sophisticated enough to take on the conflicting logic’s that often tend to trouble the legal systems.However,legal artificial intelligence is composed to take off soon because of the cost savings offered by the machine judgement.
“There is a huge movement brewing,Corporations are no longer happy to pay huge legal bills.”says Anna Ronkainen.